An artificial-synthesized semiconductive nanocrystal, the size of 2 to 10 nanometers.
Surprisingly, Quantum Dots are known to the world scientists for a long time, Russian-American physicist Alexei Ekinmov synthesized them in 1981 and spotted the extraordinary properties, but to produce them on a large scale and real use for in was found only now.
The goal of Iqdemy «Quantum Technologies» Project is to change the world using the newest technologies and improve the efficiency of different spheres where quantum dots can be applied.
Quantum dot (QD) is an artificial-synthesized semiconductive nanocrystal, the size of 2 to 10 nanometers. Depending on the size, quantum dot can be of different colour. Due to quantum dots special characteristics and its synthesis potential using different chemical elements, scientists find more and more spheres of application of quantum dots and predict them previously unknown useful characteristics. Moreover they can be used not only in the field of technologies of the future, but also in the things already habitual to the world.
The global market for security printing is estimated to grow by 4.8% annually and reach a total value of $34.3 billion by 2022.
Two most important factors why quantum technologies are gaining momentum and promise great prospects for application:
IQDEMY security technology based on quantum dots can significantly increase protection level of securities, bills, passports, banknotes, excise stamps, marking of pharmaceuticals products and many other products/documents.
Global display market is estimated to grow with 5.92% CAGR during the forecast period 2019-2027.
5 Display Technologies:
Nowadays the stocks of traditional fuel are being drastically depleted, and humanity needs alternative sources of energy. Sun is one of this source, its light can be converted into electricity. And this is one of the promising areas in the field of creating clean energy. From 2000 to 2030, the installed capacity is forecast to grow from 1 to 655 GW in photovoltaic electricity development. And great attention in solar energy development is paid to studying the characteristics of quantum dots.
Advantages of Solar cells with Quantum Dots:
Using of QD in solar elements can provide the efficiency growth up to 5-10 % (in absolute comparison) by much smaller production cost. Applying QDs on the flexible polymer surfaces provides the replacement of currently flint the solar panels basics - this significantly expands the scope of solar panels (due to transparency) – even in window structures.
Development of the agricultural sector requires the constant introduction of technologies to accelerate maturation and increase in productivity.
METHODS OF INCREASE IN PRODUCTIVITY: Greenhouse coatings
Covering materials for beds, greenhouses and soils are used to protect plants from drying out, wind, heavy rainfall. But, the greenhouse coatings do not increase the intensity of the spectrum in the areas necessary for plant growth, and the polymer from which the greenhouses are created, degrades from the sun, in particular from ultraviolet light.
ADVANTAGES Greenhouse materials with Quantum Dots:
- Fluorescence of light in different ranges
- Protection of greenhouse material
- High light fastness
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